Most humans have always had this misconception about **probability**: Everything follows an order, or some divine plan. Everything is certain, therefore nothing is left to the mercy of randomness or probability. Alas! It isn't so! As Pierre Simon de Laplace put it:

*"The most important questions of life are, for the most part, really only problems of probability."*

As I put it around this Web site of randomly huge proportions:

*That's why God fears mathematics, while Einstein hates gambling.*

This place is a cyber-destination that takes hope to the highest level: Mathematics. It isn't that we all hope. It's how we understand what's behind, or beneath, or, better still, beyond hope. It's all about mathematics. As random as probability, mathematics, statistics, combinatorics might appear to the layperson (that is, to all of us, for nobody has ever been a non-layperson), simply living for day-to-day faces higher odds than several lotto games! The odds are better to win a 5/37 lotto game THAN to live another day in the United States! It's about randomness of it all. And, hey, the US of A is not the Paradise, but it offers better survival chances than most places in the world!

This content category at saliu.com lists the most relevant resources probability, mathematics, statistics, combinatorics, software included. The listing is not inclusive, nor is it exclusive. Genuine efforts are made to include here the most relevant (and useful!) resources. Genuine efforts are also made to update this resource as warranted.

Each link is displayed in a new window. If the page content is of interest to you, copy-and-paste to that probability page of yours: SaliuMath.txt or something similar. Copy as much as you can in that text file. By editing that page in your own words will result in a very effective manual for mathematics, probability theory, statistics, combinatorics, etc.

Read Ion Saliu's first book in print: *Probability Theory, Live!*

~ Founded on valuable mathematical discoveries with a wide range of scientific applications, including probability theory applied to statistics, combinatorics: software, formulas, algorithms.

• The probability software at this Web site is NOT free to download. Paid membership is required in order to download Ion Saliu's software. The membership fee is negligible when compared to similar software packages. Without a bit of a doubt, the ** Ionosphere** software you download here is far superior to any software products in similar categories: Lottery, gambling, probability, statistics, and combinatorics. Moreover, some of the software titles you find here are absolutely unique. You will not find similar programs regardless of prices you might be willing to pay.

• • The software you download, however, is FREE for you to use during your lifetime. I wish you the longest of quality lifetimes! The ** probability and mathematics** software has no crippled features, and no strings attached. The software is not shareware: It is totally freeware. Read more: Download Great Free Software: Paid Membership Required. You need a PayPal account or a valid credit / debit card to pay via PayPal. Pay safely online via PayPal —

- Theory of Probability: Best introduction, formulae, algorithms, software.
- The Fundamental Formula of Gambling and Winning.
- Mathematics of the Fundamental Formula of Gambling.
.*Bayes Theorem*, Conditional Probabilities, Simulation; Relation to*Ion Saliu's Paradox*- Combinatorics: Calculate, generate exponents, permutations, sets, arrangements, combinations for any numbers and words.
- Lexicographic, lexicographical order, index, rank of permutations, exponential sets, combinations.
- Standard Deviation: Theory, Algorithm, Software.

Standard deviation: Basics, mathematics, statistics, formula, software, algorithm. - Standard Deviation, Gauss, Normal, Binomial, Distribution.

Calculate: Median, degree of certainty, standard deviation, binomial, hypergeometric, average, sums, probabilities, odds. - Caveats in Theory of Probability.
- Google AdSense Advertising, Referrals, Gambling, Mathematics, Math Boyz.
- Gambling Analysis: Odds, House Edge, Fraud, Law, Protection.
- Gambling Mathematics: Reaction And Legislation Regarding Online Gambling, Internet Casinos.
- Online Advertising: Internet, Gambling, Poker, PokerParty, Real Money.
- Casino Winning Percentages in Atlantic City 2008 Beat Mathematics…Big-Time!
- The mathematics of gambling and lottery is intensely assaulted and threatened. Even the federal court system is decidedly opposed to mathematics applied to gambling.
- The Occult Science Of Gambling - Martingale, Fibonacci Progressions.
- Demise of Gambler's Fallacy, Reversed Gambler's Fallacy.
- Fibonacci Progressions: Mathematics and Gambling.
- Pi Day, Pi, Divine Proportion, Golden Proportion, Golden Number, Phi, Fibonacci Series.
- The Birthday Paradox: Combinatorics, Probability, Software, Pick 3 Lottery, Roulette.
- Probability of Repetition: The Birthday Paradox Applied to Lotto, Lottery, Roulette.
- Probability: Pairing, swapping, hypergeometric distribution.
- Mathematics Of The Monty Paradox; More On Ion Saliu's Paradox.
- Probability That Player Index X Draws Ticket Number X.
- Software and formulae to calculate lottery & lotto odds using the hypergeometric distribution probability ('exactly' and 'at least').
- The Best Online Probability, Odds Calculator, Including Any Lotto, Lottery.
- Randomness: Software, random numbers, combination generators.
- Lotto Combination 1,2,3,4,5,6: Probability, Frequency, Odds, Statistics.
- Software and formulae to calculate lotto odds using the hypergeometric distribution probability.
- Probability, Odds, Formulae, Algorithm, Software Calculator.
- The Science of Winning and the Law.
- Lotto, Wonder Grid, Super Loto Strategy, System.
- Copyright lotto, lottery numbers, combinations, wheels, mathematical relations, formulae, equations.
- Probability, Mathematics, Statistics, Combinatorics Software.
The main piece of software in the realm of probability, mathematics, statistics, combinatorics is an impressive collection of programs known as Scientia.

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